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Farghamanch mullah Shamsullah, far right, 35, is active on the local shura in, shown here with other Jurm district shura leaders at a meeting in Madrassa, Jurm district, Badakhshan province, Afghanistan, Friday afternoon, Oct. 23, 2009. An extremely conservative leader, Shamsullah lived for ten years in Pakistan, where he attended madrassas and began to follow Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, former Afghan mujahideen leader and founder of the hard-line Hezb-i-Islami party. Politics and power structures often change from village to village in Afghanistan. As the Obama Administration seeks the formula for turning the tide of the war in Afghanistan, some aid organizations are advocating the National Solidarity Programme, a community-based development program that has made progress in some districts, setting up local councils that propose much-needed projects such as schools, drinking water facilities and roads.